The introduction of 5G technology globally is driving radio access network (RAN) densification, new network architectures, and innovative use cases with stringent performance requirements (e.g., throughput, latency and reliability). To be successful, network operators need to deploy 5G transport technologies that can meet these new requirements in a cost-efficient and timely manner. Traditionally, point-to-point dark fiber has been the transport technology of choice for wireless networks but can quickly become cost prohibitive in certain scenarios. This paper focuses on innovative backhaul, midhaul and fronthaul transport technologies for 5G networks to address this gap. The right choice for 5G transport is driven by rigorous technical requirements and the vast array of use cases that 5G technology enables, balanced with real-world economic and operational considerations.